The name and form of the Swedish dance polska has its background in the Renaissance Poland. Now, a few hundred years later, we are rediscovering the common roots our Polish and Swedish folk melodies and dances have grown from through the centuries. How can polish dances from historical notebooks be related to the ones from living tradition, transferred to our time in the memory of village musicians – chodzony, wiwat, kujawiak, mazurek, oberek and – on the other hand – various types of polska? What are the similarities and differences in the rhythms, melodies and dance steps? Is it also possible to explore a common background when it comes to the vocal repertoire?